Historia...

Este comienzo estuvo inspirado en MINIX, un pequeño sistema Unix desarrollado por Andy Tanenbaum. Las primeras discusiones sobre Linux fueron en el grupo de noticias comp.os.minix, en estas discusiones se hablaba sobre todo del desarrollo de un pequeño sistema Unix para usuarios de Minix que querian más.
El 3 de julio de 1991, Linus Torvalds mandó el primer mensaje sobre Linux al grupo de noticias comp.os.minix:
Path: gmdzi!unido!mcsun!news.funet.fi!hydra!klaava!torvalds
From: torva...@klaava.Helsinki.FI (Linus Benedict Torvalds)
Newsgroups: comp.os.minix
Subject: Gcc-1.40 and a posix-question
Keywords: gcc, posix
Message-ID: <1991Jul3.100050.9886@klaava.Helsinki.FI>
Date: 3 Jul 91 10:00:50 GMT
Organization: University of Helsinki
Lines: 28
 
Hello netlanders,
 
Due to a project I'm working on (in minix), I'm interested in the posix
standard definition. Could somebody please point me to a (preferably)
machine-readable format of the latest posix rules? Ftp-sites would be
nice.
 
As an aside for all using gcc on minix - the new version (1.40) has been
out for some weeks, and I decided to test what needed to be done to get
it working on minix (1.37.1, which is the version you can get from
plains is nice, but 1.40 is better :-).  To my surpice, the answer
turned out to be - NOTHING! Gcc-1.40 compiles as-is on minix386 (with
old gcc-1.37.1), with no need to change source files (I changed the
Makefile and some paths, but that's it!).  As default this results in a
compiler that uses floating point insns, but if you'd rather not,
changing 'toplev.c' to define DEFAULT_TARGET from 1 to 0 (this is from
memory - I'm not at my minix-box) will handle that too.  Don't make the
libs, use the old gnulib&libc.a.  I have successfully compiled 1.40 with
itself, and everything works fine (I got the newest versions of gas and
binutils at the same time, as I've heard of bugs with older versions of
ld.c).  Makefile needs some chmem's (and gcc2minix if you're still using
it).
 
        Linus Torvalds        torva...@kruuna.helsinki.fi
 
PS. Could someone please try to finger me from overseas, as I've
installed a "changing .plan" (made by your's truly), and I'm not certain
it works from outside? It should report a new .plan every time.
 
 
El 25 de agosto de 1991, mandó el siguiente mensaje, el cual es considerado por muchos como el comienzo del proyecto Linux:
Path: gmdzi!unido!fauern!ira.uka.de!sol.ctr.columbia.edu!zaphod.mps.ohio-state.edu!
wupost!uunet!mcsun!news.funet.fi!hydra!klaava!torvalds
From: torva...@klaava.Helsinki.FI (Linus Benedict Torvalds)
Newsgroups: comp.os.minix
Subject: What would you like to see most in minix?
Summary: small poll for my new operating system
Keywords: 386, preferences
Message-ID: <1991Aug25.205708.9541@klaava.Helsinki.FI>
Date: 25 Aug 91 20:57:08 GMT
Organization: University of Helsinki
Lines: 20
 
 
Hello everybody out there using minix -
 
I'm doing a (free) operating system (just a hobby, won't be big and
professional like gnu) for 386(486) AT clones.  This has been brewing
since april, and is starting to get ready.  I'd like any feedback on
things people like/dislike in minix, as my OS resembles it somewhat
(same physical layout of the file-system (due to practical reasons)
among other things).
 
I've currently ported bash(1.08) and gcc(1.40), and things seem to work.
This implies that I'll get something practical within a few months, and
I'd like to know what features most people would want.  Any suggestions
are welcome, but I won't promise I'll implement them :-)
 
        Linus (torva...@kruuna.helsinki.fi)
 
PS.  Yes - it's free of any minix code, and it has a multi-threaded fs.
It is NOT protable (uses 386 task switching etc), and it probably never
will support anything other than AT-harddisks, as that's all I have :-(.
Linus nunca anuncio la versión 0.01 de Linux (agosto/septiembre 1991), esta versión no era ni siquiera ejecutable, solamente incluia los principios